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im体育官网注册|多特蒙德的“黑店模式”,为何在中国足坛很难奏效?

The 67 years of time represent the youth of several generations, and it also carries the age of countless people. A long-established black shop has gone through ups and downs, and when the player market is getting better and better, Liaoning Football has experienced an unprecedented economic crisis. Nowadays, the sign is broken and the most famous "black shop" in Chinese football history has closed .

67岁的岁月代表着几代人的青春,也承载着无数人的年龄。一家老牌黑店经历了风风雨雨,当球员市场越来越好时,辽宁足球经历了前所未有的经济危机。如今,标志已被打破,中国足球历史上最著名的“黑店”已经关闭。

In recent years, there have been waves of youth storms in European football in the "black shop model". Why does it basically mean a tragic ending in China?

近年来,“黑店模式”在欧洲足球中掀起了青年风暴。为什么从根本上说这是中国的悲惨结局?

Why does the "black shop model" work in Europe? Before discussing this issue, let us first make a distinction between "black shops" in Europe. Monaco and Dortmund are definitely on the list of the most famous black shops in the five major leagues in recent years.

为什么“黑店模式”在欧洲有效?在讨论这个问题之前,让我们首先区分一下欧洲的“黑店”。摩纳哥和多特蒙德无疑是近年来五个大联盟中最著名的黑店之im体育官网登录一。

Dort and Monaco represent exactly two types of black shops: the former club was on the verge of bankruptcy and has since been forced to follow the road of “black shops”; Monaco is “not bad for money”, but because of the limited influence of Ligue 1 The population of the city where the team is located is small, and it is difficult to realize the commercial value of the club on the way of buying, buying and buying gold. So Monaco “opens a black shop” to make money through selling people.

多特(Dort)和摩纳哥(Monaco)恰好代表两种类型的黑店:前俱乐部濒临破产边缘,此后被迫走上“黑店”之路;摩纳哥“并不差钱”,但由于法甲1的影响力有限,球队所在城市的人口很少,在购买,购买方式上很难实现俱乐部的商业价值和购买黄金。因此,摩纳哥“开设了一家黑店”以通过推销人赚钱。

Whether it is Monaco or Dortmund, the fundamental foothold of opening a "black shop" is to create a sustainable economic ecology and healthy development model for the club through selling people. To put it bluntly, everyone has only seen two teams selling people to make a lot of money for years, but they have not paid attention to why they are sold every year, and where is the income of the sellers spent?

无论是摩纳哥还是多特蒙德,开设“黑店”的根本立足点是通过销售人员为俱乐部创造可持续的经济生态和健康的发展模式。坦率地说,每个人都只看到两个团队多年来卖人赚钱,但他们并没有关注为什么每年都要卖出去,卖主的收入花在了哪里?

Today, the situation where Liaozuqu is finally scattered, in 2005 Dortmund is approaching infinitely. In order to compete with Bayern in the domestic and Champions League front, Dortmund has embarked on the road of burning money for many years in a row. Unreasonable buying, buying and buying soon made Dortmund on the verge of bankruptcy. At that time, Dortmund's pressure was no less than that of the former Liaozu management team.

如今,辽足渠最终散落的局面,在2005年的多特蒙德正日益逼近。为了在国内联赛和冠军联赛中与拜仁竞争,多特蒙德连续多年走上了烧钱之路。不合理的买卖很快就使多特蒙德濒临破产边缘。当时,多特蒙德的压力不亚于前辽足管理团队的压力。

Everyone knows the chapters in which Dort hit the bottom and rebounded. In the process of Dort's return to the top, a hero behind the scenes can be said to have made the most of the credit-his name is Mislin Tat. The construction of Dort's scout system led by Mislintat is not only one of the main reasons for Dort's return to the top, but the Hornet has still benefited a lot.

每个人都知道多特跌入谷底并反弹的章节。在多特(Dort)重返巅峰的过程中,可以说幕后英雄充分利用了他的声誉,他的名字叫Mislin Tat。由Mislintat领导的Dort侦察系统的建设不仅是Dort重返高层的主要原因之一,而且大黄蜂仍然受益匪浅。

In 2010, Mislin Tate flew to Japan 6 times, and edited more than 10 technical analysis videos for on-site inspections, and finally persuaded Dort officials to introduce Kagawa Shinji from the J2 League for 350,000 euros. Shinji Kagawa will shine in Dortmund in the future and become Mislin Tate's masterpiece.

2010年,米斯林·泰特(Mislin Tate)飞往日本6次,并编辑了10多个技术分析视频以进行现场检查,并最终说服多特(Dort)官员以35万欧元的价格从J2联赛引进了香川真二。未来,香川真司将在多特蒙德大放异彩,成为米斯林·泰特的杰作。

Lewandowski, Aubameyang, Osman Dembele, Prisic, Hummels, Sven Bender, Subotic, Buvaszczykowski, Raphael- Guerrero... this series of players who have brought Dort a huge income all entered the club's vision through Mislin Tate's scout network.

Lewandowski,Aubameyang,Osman Dembele,Prisic,Hummels,Sven Bender,Subotic,Buvaszczykowski,Raphael-Guerrero ...这一系列为多特带来了巨额收入的球员都通过Mislin Tate的球探网络进入了俱乐部的视野。

Compared with Dortmund, the Russian “Fertilizer King” Rybonovev, who entered Monaco in 2011, is not bad at all. In bringing Monaco back to the French Ligue 1 at the bottom of the French Second at the end of 2011, Rybonovev relied on spending money. The successful model of fellow Abramovich at Chelsea undoubtedly gave Rybonovlev a huge reference.

与多特蒙德相比,2011年进入摩纳哥的俄罗斯“肥料王”里博诺夫耶夫一点也不差劲。在2011年底将摩纳哥带回法国第二联赛底部的法甲联赛时,Rybonovev依靠花钱。切尔西同胞阿布拉莫维奇的成功模式无疑为雷博诺夫列夫提供了巨大的参考。

However, the influence of the Ligue 1 League is not as strong as the Premier League, and the size of Monaco's fans cannot be compared with that of London... Various factors determine that Abramovich's successful gold dollar model at Chelsea lacks long-term survival soil for his migration to Monaco. Ever since, the "Fertilizer King" began to seek a change in the club's management thinking.

但是,联赛1联赛的影响力不如英超,摩纳哥球迷的规模无法与伦敦媲美。各种因素决定了阿布拉莫维奇在切尔西成功的金币模式缺乏长期生存能力他移民摩纳哥的土壤。从那以后,“肥料王”开始寻求改变俱乐部的管理思想。

The heavy gold invited Luis Gambos as the chief scout to lay the foundation for Monaco's future black shop model. In just two or three years, Monaco has gone from being a silly and rich local tyrant to a "local tyrant killer" who wakes up in his dreams. Ronaldo, Martial, Lemar, Mendy, Bakayoko, Mbappé... these players are almost all bought at the "cabbage price", trained for two or three years before changing hands at world-class prices.

重金邀请路易斯·甘博斯(Luis Gambos)担任首席侦察员,为摩纳哥未来的黑店模式奠定基础。在短短的两三年内,摩纳哥已经从一个愚蠢而富有的土豪暴君变成了一个梦local以求的“土豪杀手”。罗纳尔多(Ronaldo),武术(Martial),勒马尔(Lemar),曼蒂(Mendy),巴卡约科(Bakayoko),姆巴佩(Mbappé)...这些球员几乎都是以“白菜价”购买的,经过两到三年的训练,然后以世界级的价格转手。

The scout system spread all over the world is the reason why Dortmund and Monaco black shops can open for a long time. So, why did Liaozu play himself to death when he opened a black shop? The fundamental difference is that Liaozu sells people just to continue their lives. They die every year and squeeze their wools regardless of their lives. After many years, the sheep really die.

遍布全球的侦察系统是多特蒙德和摩纳哥的黑店可以长期营业的原因。那么,为什么辽足开了一家黑店却把自己玩死了呢?根本的区别是,辽族卖人只是为了继续他们的生活。他们每年死去,挤羊毛,而不管他们的生活。多年以后,羊真的死了。

The fundamental difference between Liaoning Football and Dortmund and Monaco’s black shop model is that Monaco and Dortmund have been using the money earned by opening black shops to steadily engage in youth training; while the state of Liaoning Football’s last two years is that all the echelons are hoped to be cut off. One more point in the ranks is life-threatening.

辽宁足球和多特蒙德与摩纳哥的黑店模式之间的根本区别在于,摩纳哥和多特蒙德一直在利用开设黑店所赚的钱来稳定地从事青年培训。而辽宁足球最近两年的状态是希望所有梯队都被切断。队伍中的另一点是威胁生命的。

I have to admit that Monaco is not short of money and Liaozu’s poor money is one of the reasons why Liaozu’s black shop opened soon; don’t forget that Dortmund's situation in 2005 was once very similar to that of Liaozu, but others had their foothold and starting point after learning from it. Let's not think about all kinds of talents, so we can honestly take root in the youth training and recruit the stars of hope from all over the world through scouts.

我必须承认,摩纳哥并不缺钱,而辽祖的欠钱是辽祖的黑店很快开业的原因之一;不要忘记2005年多特蒙德的情况曾经与辽祖非常相似,但是其他人在吸取教训后有了立足点和出发点。让我们不要考虑各种才能,因此我们可以诚实地扎根于青年训练,并通过童军从世界各地招募希望之星。

Liaoning Football Team also learns from lessons every year after the end of the league. What is the result? This year the team's striker, midfielder, defender, or goalkeeper played the best and put it on the shelves at a good price, raising my voice and shouting. Kick out and sell one by one, there is no bottom line at all. Engage in youth training and establish a scouting system? Last season the team’s wages and security fees were not paid yet, so how can you care about these bells and whistles!

联赛结束后,辽宁足球队每年也从中学到一些教训。结果是什么?今年,球队的前锋,中场,后卫或守门员发挥了最好的表现,并以高昂的价格将其摆在架子上,这引起了我的声音和喊叫声。逐一卖出,根本没有底线。从事im体育官网登录青年培训并建立侦察系统?上个赛季该队的工资和安全费尚未支付,那么您如何关心这些风吹草动!

This kind of subconsciousness has no sense of disobedience in Chinese football; but the choice of standing at the crossroads with Dortmund is simply a heaven and an underground.

这种潜意识在中国足球中没有不服从的感觉。但是与多特蒙德站在十字路口的选择仅仅是天堂和地下。

Whether it is not bad money or once bankruptcy is frequent, the scout system plays a central role in the black shop model of Monaco and Dortmund. However, in the soil of Chinese football, scouts have always been scarce. Bai Yansong said that China's scouting system is "close to a blank." The famous national football player Zhu Guanghu has been emphasizing the importance of the scouting system to Chinese football in recent years.

不管是坏钱还是一旦破产,侦察系统在摩纳哥和多特蒙德的黑店模式中都扮演着核心角色。然而,在中国im体育官网注册足球的土壤中,球探一直稀缺。白彦松说,中国的侦察系统“接近空白”。近年来,著名的国家足球运动员朱光虎一直在强调球探系统对中国足球的重要性。

Last year, Zhu Guanghu said in an interview with the media: "For football to develop and improve, there must be stars. We must have our own Messi, our own Ronaldo, and our own Mbappé. We are also in contact with Germany. Ask them to help us build a complete system."

去年,朱光沪在接受媒体采访时说:“足球要发展和进步,就必须有明星。我们必须拥有自己的梅西,我们的罗纳尔多和我们的姆巴佩。我们还与德国保持联系。请他们帮助我们建立完整的系统。”

The importance of the scouting system is simple to say, but why has the development of the scouting system been stagnant in China in recent years?

侦察系统的重要性很简单,但是为什么近年来侦察系统的发展停滞不前?

The reason why Mislin Tate is called "Diamond Eye" is that the main role of scouts is to discover talented and potential young players. For the talented seedlings to realize their talents, they need years of polishing in a scientific and mature youth training system. The entire talent training and promotion system must have a prerequisite: talented young players, the effort and sweat of their comeback will definitely be seen. To put it more bluntly, in the entire talent transportation chain, it is necessary to ensure that good is good, good is good, and bad is bad.

米斯林·泰特之所以被称为“钻石眼”,是因为侦察员的主要作用是发现有才华和潜力的年轻球员。为了使有才能的种苗发挥才能,他们需要在科学和成熟的青年培训系统中进行数年的抛光。整个人才培训和晋升系统必须有一个先决条件:才华横溢的年轻球员,复出的努力和汗水一定会被看到。坦率地说,在整个人才运输链中,有必要确保好是好,好是好,坏是坏。

But what about the talent training system and bottom-up delivery system of Chinese football in the past 20 years? Player Gao Leilei has repeatedly bombarded the previous team and even entered the national team in recent years. He needs to "operate" and give gifts; in fact, everyone who really cares about Chinese football has heard of such a trend.

但是,过去20年来中国足球的人才培养体系和自下而上的传递体系又如何呢?球员高雷雷最近多次轰炸前一队,甚至进入了国家队。他需要“操作”并赠送礼物;实际上,每个真正关心中国足球的人都听说过这种趋势。

These bad phenomena mean that the selection criteria for the second, third, and fourth links of the Chinese football talent delivery system are not pure and unfair. In this way, the scout as the first link loses its fundamental meaning-the standards of talent, potential, and effort you adhere to may be worthless in the second and third screening links.

这些不良现象意味着,中国足球人才输送系统第二,第三和第四环节的选择标准不是纯净和不公平的。这样,作为第一个链接的侦察员将失去其基本含义-在第二个和第三个筛选链接中,您坚持的才能,潜力和努力水平可能不值一提。

This is the reason why countless parents will not send their children to play football, and no one wants to push their sons into the fire pit; for the same reason, this is the fundamental reason why it is difficult for the scouting system to take root in China.

这就是为什么无数父母不送孩子踢足球,没有人愿意把儿子推入火坑的原因。出于同样的原因,这也是侦查体系难以在中国扎根的根本原因。

Professional reforms have brought a problem to Chinese football. The mighty professionalization process has completely destroyed the talent training system of the sports team era, but he has not established a formal youth training model for a long time. This has directly led to China. The fault of football age. Originally, there were few players from multiple age groups to choose from. In addition, scouts became a false proposition, and no successor of Chinese football set the tone for this.

职业改革给中国足球带来了问题。强大的专业化过程完全摧毁了运动队时代的人才培训体系,但是他很长一段时间都没有建立正式的青年培训模式。这直接导致了中国。足球时代的过错。最初,来自多个年龄段的玩家很少可以选择。此外,球探成为虚假的主张,中国足球的继任者都没有为此定下基调。

In fact, the "black shop" of Liaozu opened very early. As early as 1995, Li Bing transferred to Guangdong Hongyuan at a high price of 640,000 yuan, which set a record for the transfer fee of Chinese players at that time. The Liaozu also used the most transfer players and transfer fees. The highest income set the first record of Chinese professional football. But why the black shop that has been open for more than 20 years closed down this summer?

实际上,辽祖的“黑店”很早就开业了。早在1995年,李冰就以64万元的高价转入广东宏远,创下了当时中国球员转会费的纪录。辽足还使用了最多的转会球员和转会费。最高收入创下了中国职业足球的第一纪录。但是,为什么已经开业20多年的黑店在今年夏天关门大吉?

The reason is very simple. In the past, Liaoning Football Club had the money to buy echelon "congestion" from others. The famous "Liao Xiaohu" creator was the old coach Zhang Yin; after that, the group of players from Yang Xu and Yu Hanchao was Liaoning Football Team from Dalian in 2003. Yiteng Iron Club acquired as a whole. After that, why didn't Liao Football acquire the entire echelon?

原因很简单。过去,辽宁足球俱乐部有钱从别人那里买梯队“拥堵”。著名的“廖小虎”创作者是老教练张音。在那之后,杨旭和于汉超的队员是2003年大连的辽宁足球队。在那之后,为什么辽足足球没有获得整个梯队?

On the one hand, it is related to the overall strategy of Hongyun after entering the home team; on the other hand, there are fewer and fewer powerful echelons in Chinese football. Compared with new players, Liaozu's bargaining power is not worth mentioning. For example, the entire Shanghai SIPG team was acquired from coach Xu Genbao; Xu Genbao then trained the 99-00 echelon represented by Zhu Chenjie. SIPG, Shenhua and Evergrande rushed to bid high prices. Less than Liaozu to speak.

一方面,这关系到红云入主队后的整im体育官网登录体策略;另一方面,中国足球的实力梯队越来越少。与新玩家相比,辽足的议价能力不值得一提。例如,整个上海SIPG团队都是从教练徐根宝手中收购的;然后,徐根宝训练了以朱晨杰为代表的99-00梯队。 SIPG,神华和恒大争相竞标高价。不及聊足说话。

Of course, the closure of Liaozu black shops has also played a catalytic role in the U23 policy in recent years.

当然,近年来关闭辽足黑店在U23政策中也起到了促进作用。

Black shops such as Dortmund and Monaco mainly rely on the appreciation of their small players to bring huge profits. In Chinese football, due to the immaturity of the training system and transfer mechanism for young players, a bad situation appeared in the past few years: the rising star that the black shop has cultivated hard for several years has been tricked by others. Prying the foot of the wall at a small price.

多特蒙德(Dortmund)和摩纳哥(Monaco)等黑店主要依靠小企业的升值来带来巨额利润。在中国足球中,由于年轻球员的训练体系和转移机制的不成熟,在过去几年中出现了一种糟糕的情况:黑店多年来辛苦耕the的后起之秀被其他人欺骗。以低廉的价格撬动墙脚。

The most typical case is Wei Shihao. Luneng Football School spent 8 years training him to become a domestic leader in the same age group. As a result, the agent repeatedly induced, Wei Shihao directly chose to study abroad. Luneng Football School chose to appeal. Although it eventually received a certain amount of youth training compensation, it was not equal to the cost.

最典型的案例是魏世豪。鲁能足球学校花了8年的时间训练他成为同年龄组的国内领导者。结果,经纪人反复诱使,魏世浩直接选择了出国留学。鲁能足球学校选择上诉。尽管它最终获得了一定数量的青年培训补偿,但这并不等于费用。

The U23 policy was released, and Wei Shihao, who was exporting to domestic sales, easily realized his dream of a millionaire. But if all agents coerce young players to do this, there will be no such thing as a black shop in China.

取消了U23政策,出口到国内销售的魏世豪轻松实现了自己成为百万富翁的梦想。但是,如果所有经纪人都强迫年轻球员这样做,那么在中国就不会有一家黑店。

Genbao base can be said to be the biggest "black shop" in Chinese football in recent years. Coach Xu Genbao has also encountered other people's unruly digging. Liu Ruofan had been highly regarded by Xu Genbao in Genbao, but in the summer of 2015, the parents of the players suddenly wanted to take their children away without any room for discussion. Shenhua first advanced about 2 million yuan to the players' parents, so that the parents would come forward to trigger the 1 million yuan penalty clause in the player training contract.

可以说,根宝基地是近年来中国足球最大的“黑店”。徐根宝教练还遇到了别人的不择手段。刘若梵在根宝受到徐根宝的高度评价,但在2015年夏天,球员的父母突然想带他们的孩子离开而没有任何讨论的余地。神华首先向球员的父母垫付了约200万元,以便父母挺身而出,触发球员训练合同中的100万元罚金条款。

The furious Xu Genbao bluntly said that this is "hooliganism", "How much effort did we spend training this player for 6 years? How much is this player, including Jiangzhen and 3 potential players, really worth it? The most important thing is what you Shenhua took. The method is wrong, otherwise the parents will do this, they will tear up their contracts, and they will all take their children away. Shanghai football will be messed up!"

愤怒的徐根宝直言不讳地说,这是“流氓行为”,“我们花了多少时间训练这位球员6年?这名球员,包括江珍和3名潜在球员,真的值得吗?最重要的是什么?你们申花了。方法是错误的,否则父母会这样做,他们会撕毁他们的合同,都将他们的孩子带走。上海足球将被搞砸!”

Later, Xu Genbao directly pointed out to Wu Xiaohui and said: "How much money (compensation) do you want to give? You can, or not! But you can't use my only 1 million yuan of liquidated damages to use this method to dig people."

后来,徐根宝直接对吴晓辉指出:“你想给多少钱(赔偿)?可以还是不可以!但是你不能用我仅有的一百万元违约金来使用这种方法。挖人。”

Because the team’s long-term hematopoietic ability is basically ignored, the black shop model is destined to be unsustainable on the soil of Chinese football; the chaos of young players’ transfers caused by the U23 New Deal and the high salaries of young players have become crushing Chinese football to a certain extent. The last straw of the black shop.

因为基本上没有考虑球队的长期造血能力,所以黑店模式注定在中国足球的土壤上是不可持续的。 U23新政带来的年轻球员转会混乱以及年轻球员的高薪在一定程度上已经压垮了中国足球。黑店的最后一根稻草。